Vehicle fleet electrification is a key strategy for achieving states’ goals for electric vehicle (EV) adoption, while increasing state economic opportunities and reducing vehicle emissions. However, many states restrict EV manufacturers from selling vehicles directly to their customers, including businesses and government agency fleets. In just over half of states, auto dealership franchise laws currently restrict some or all manufacturers from selling their products directly to customers, including fleets, and many states lack clarity on whether those manufacturers can provide service on those vehicles as well. Instead, these franchise laws require that new vehicles be sold and serviced only by franchised dealers. In many other states, franchise laws, often decades old, are ambiguous on the role new entrants, such as EV manufacturers without a dealer network, can play in selling and servicing vehicles.