State Plug-in
Adoption Resource Kit

Follow through the steps to electrify your fleet. Each featured step includes a comprehensive suite of resources from case studies to legislation pertaining to state fleet electrification.

STEP ONE: Assess the landscape

Assess, document, and compile existing progress, goals, priorities, policies, knowledge base, and barriers related to fleet electrification within all state agencies.

It’s important to understand how and where fleet electrification fits within existing state and agency goals, priorities, and operations. Some state agencies may have already started transitioning to EVs, run pilot programs, or conducted total-cost-of-ownership comparisons between EVs and conventional vehicles. And there may be state goals and priorities – such as economic development, air quality, equity, and regional leadership – that fleet electrification could help advance. Determine the level of awareness, education, and training of key agency staff, fleet management staff, maintenance technicians, and vehicle operators. Finally, investigate and document any real or perceived barriers to fleet electrification that may require new policies, technical assistance, staff training, or further research.


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Maryland SB 137 (2021) Legislation

Beginning in Fiscal Year 2023, disallows the Maryland Transit Administration from purchasing any buses for its transit fleet that are not zero-emission

New Jersey P.L. 2019, c.362 (2019), An Act Concerning the Use of EVs Legislation

Establishes targets for statewide EV deployment, including for state agencies.

Oregon SB 1044 (2019), Relating to Transportation Electrification Legislation

Establishes goals that promote zero-emission vehicle use and requires entities of executive department to promote zero-emission vehicle use

Oregon HB 2027 (2021) Legislation

Changes operative date from Jan. 1, 2029, to Jan. 1, 2025, for law requiring agencies to purchase light-duty vehicles that are zero-emission vehicles whenever possible

Best Practices for EV Charging Infrastructure Webinar

Webinar on the Best Practices for EV Charging Infrastructure presented by Fleets for the Future, (May 31, 2018)

Xcel Energy, Fleet Charging website Webpage

Xcel Energy programs and rebates information for electric vehicles.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Website

California Department of General Services, Office of Sustainability, Transportation Program, website on electric vehicle supply equiptment.

Charging Infrastructure Procurement and Installation Website

Department of Energy (DOE), Alternative Fuels Data Center, Charging Infrastructure Procurement and Installation website

Westminster, Colorado, Electric Vehicle Action Plan Report

Electric Vehicle Action Plan for Westminster, Colorado, (July 2020)

“Government fleet electrification: Making the transition to EVs” Report

Geotab’s Electric Vehicle Suitability Assessment (EVSA), a tool that assists a fleet in creating a blueprint for electrification, (Feb. 25, 2021)

NYSERDA, Charge NY: Best Practice Guides and Cases Report

NYSERDA’s text on best practices guides and cases.

The Geography of EV Charging: Understanding how regional climates impact charging and driving behavior Report

Geotab’s 2020 study on how regional climates impact charging and driving behavior.

Steep Climb Ahead: How Fleet Managers Can Prepare for the Coming Wave of Electrified Vehicles Report

RMI, A 2021 report on fleet manager preparation for the coming wave of electrified vehicles.

City of Charlotte Sustainable and Resilient Fleet Policy Report

City of Charlotte’s Sustainable and Resilient Fleet Policy (June 1, 2020) is intended to direct city departments to procure sustainable vehicles and meet the city’s Strategic Energy Action Plan (SEAP) goals.

Colorado Motor Vehicle Advisory Council (MVAC) Report

Colorado Motor Vehicle Advisory Council (MVAC), offers guidance and provides recommendations to improve the State Fleet Management program to the benefit of the State and participating agencies.

North Carolina Motor Fleet ZEV Plan EO80 Report

North Carolina State Motor Fleet ZEV Plan is the State of North Carolina’s commitment to address climate change and the transition to clean energy economy, (Sept. 27, 2019).

Minnesota Executive Order 19-27 Report

This Minnesota executive order establishes the Minnesota State Government to conserve energy and water and reduce waste to save money, (Apr. 4, 2019).

Massachusetts Fleet Electrification Opportunities Study Report

Study by ICF on Massachusetts Fleet Electrification Opportunities, (Dec. 22, 2017).

North Carolina Motor Fleet ZEV Plan EO80 Report

North Carolina commitment to address climate change and transition to a clean energy economy, prepared by NC Department of Administration, (Sept. 27, 2019).

North Carolina Motor Fleet ZEV Plan Update EO80 Report

Update Version (October 1, 2020), North Carolina commitment to address climate change and transition to a clean energy economy, prepared by NC Department. of Administration

Oregon Executive Order 17-21 Legislation

Executive Order 17-21 to accelerate zero emission vehicle adoption in Oregon to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and address climate change

Executive Order D 2019-016 Legislation

Colorado Executive Order D 2019-016 (Dec. 16, 2019) concerning the State of Colorado’s greening government efforts.

Executive Order No. 594 Legislation

Massachussetts Executive Order No. 594.C50, (Apr. 22, 2021): Leading by Example: Decarbonizing and Minimizing Environmental Impacts of State Government

Executive Order 2016-03 Legislation

New Hampshire text on Executive Order 2016-03 (May 6, 2013)

Oregon Laws, Chapter 90, 2018 (HB 4022) Legislation

Oregon Laws text on Chapter 90, 2018 (HB 4022), relating to electricity for motor vehicles; creating new provisions; amending ORS 276.255; and prescribing an effective date

Virginia HB 2001 (2021) Legislation

Virginia HB 2001 (2021), building standards for certain states and local buildings

Revised Code of Washington 43.19.648(5) Legislation

Revised Code of Washington 43.19.648(5): Publicly owned vehicles, vessels, and construction equipment—Fuel usage—Advisory committee—Tires.

Revised Code of Washington 47.38.075(1) Legislation

Revised Code of Washington 47.38.075(1): Electrical outlets for electric vehicles at rest areas—Battery exchange and charging station installation and operation.

“Getting the Rates Right for a Public EV Charging Build-Out” News Story

Jeff St. John, Greentech Media, News story on rates for a public EV charging build-out, (Feb. 16, 2021)

“ClipperCreek, Inc. Announces New Power Sharing Electric Vehicle Charging Stations” News Story

News story on ClipperCreek’s new power sharing EV Charging stations, (Sept. 8, 2016)

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Amy Malaki

Amy Malaki is the Director of Partnerships and Policy at SkyNRG and SkyNRG Americas, pioneering global leaders in sustainable aviation fuel production and supply. Prior to SkyNRG, Amy was the Associate Director for the transportation portfolio at the ClimateWorks Foundation where she developed philanthropic investment strategies to advance a sustainable, equitable and low-carbon mobility system. She also pioneered the organization’s international aviation decarbonization strategy. Prior to that she focused on Asia business development at Better Place, a Silicon Valley electric vehicle network startup. She has a B.A. in Chinese and China studies from the University of Washington and an M.A. in international policy studies (energy and environment) from Stanford University.